KIRUNDI GRAMMAR PDF

Get this from a library! Kirundi grammar: book II. [Betty Ellen Cox]. From to Elizabeth “Betty” Ellen Cox served as a missionary to equatorial Africa working for the General Missionary Board of the Free Methodist . Dictionary: Kirundi-English, English-Kirundi by. Elizabeth E. Cox be necessary to turn to the Kirundi-English section. N.B. .. interrogative (grammar) ku – bā ta.

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Syllable structure in Rundi is considered to be CV, that is having no clusters, no coda consonants, and no complex vowel nuclei. Tone can be a pain. I’m so jealous, whenever he speaks it to his dad or grammat it sounds so awesome.

H41 Mbala H42 Hunganna. Languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The apparent lack of interest on UniLang is quite understandable in light of the mind-boggling difficulty of this Bantu supra-language. Neighbouring dialects of Kirundi are mutually intelligible grakmar Haa language spoken in western Tanzania. French, Arabic – Beginner: Other than a little interest in the most “obscure” or linguistically interesting languages, it’s pretty euro-centric.

This article contains IPA phonetic symbols.

Kinyarwanda/Kirundi – UniLang

Rundi is often used in geammar to illustrate examples of Meeussen’s rule [15] [16] In addition, it has been proposed that tones can shift by a metrical or rhythmic structure. This page was last edited on 10 Decemberat F10 F11 Tongwe F12 Bende.

Meeussen described this harmony in his essay and it is investigated further by others.

Wow, it looks like we’ve finally found the language that’s too obscure or too harrowing even for UniLang! Francophone African Sign Language. Who is online Users browsing this forum: Kirundi is natively spoken by the Hutu, although the other ethnic groups present in the country such as Tutsi, Twa and Hima among others have adopted the language.

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I’m unlikely to visit either anytime soon, though, so I haven’t put any effort into learning the language. Do you have any links? To really learn a language you must discuss with someone who speaks it that way your improve your accent. The languages are not that hard to learn and I have learned complicated languages than those two German.

I’m interested in looking at more Bantu languages now that I have some grasp on Swahili. Kirundi is frequently cited as a language where Meeussen’s rulea rule describing a certain pattern of tonal change in Bantu languages, is active. F11 Tongwe F12 Bende.

The only problem is that I don’t like tones, but yeh I’d be interested in comparing Bantu languages. The next question is whether this influence came directly from Arab traders or whether kkirundi come from Swahili. It looks difficult but I’d certainly be up for the challenge if there were just more resources.

Kirundi is mutually intelligible with Kinyarwandaan official language of Rwandaand the two form part of the wider dialect continuum known as Rwanda-Rundi. Languages of the World 20th ed. Since Rundi has phonemic distinction on vowel length, when a long vowel changes from a low tone to a high tone it is marked as a rising tone.

Kirundi – Wikipedia

Rundi is a tonal language. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. All five vowels occur in long and short forms.

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For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: It has been proposed that sequences that are CVV in the surface realization are actually CV in the underlying deep structurewith the consonant coalescing with the first vowel. Views Read Edit View history.

Kongo Kituba Lingala Swahili Tshiluba.

It’s not that surprising. Rundi has been shown to have properties of consonant harmony particularly when it comes to sibilants. G10 G11 Gogo G12 Kaguru. English Swahili Ugandan Sign Language. The Guthrie classification is geographic and its groupings do not imply a relationship between the languages within them. Narrow Bantu languages by Guthrie classification. Eleanor Roosevelt once said, ” The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.

There are two essential tones in Rundi: There’s a massive lack of interest in Sub-Saharan Africa here.

Kirundi-English, English-Kirundi Dictionaries

Retrieved from ” https: No registered users and 1 guest. Although the literature on Rundi agrees on 5 vowels, the number of consonants can vary anywhere from 19 to 26 consonants. How far did you get? Ikirundi n’ikinyarwanda bisa nk’igi czek n’igi slovak.

Some authors have expanded these more complex features of the tonal system noting that such properties are highly unusual for a tone system.

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