Avner Cohen (born ) is a writer, historian, and professor, and is well known for his works His seminal work, Israel and the Bomb, which chronicled the Israeli nuclear program, was published in This book led him to encounter. Until now, there has been no detailed account of Israel’snuclear history. Previous treatments of the Israel and the Bomb. Avner Cohen. Copyright Date: Israel and the Bomb has 57 ratings and 4 reviews. Nick said: I, like, forgot how to read over the past few months. Back on the wagon, huzzah! A poor choi.

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Asher Gabbay rated it liked it Feb 10, Isgael created a scientific department at the headquarters of the Haganah, the semi-official Jewish defense organization, and allocated it an annual budget of 10, mandatory pounds.

There was also a group of academics who were the theoreticians of the project. It was difficult at times to distinguish Dostrovsky’s involvement in science from his involvement in defense projects. To the extent that one can make such historical judgments, it can be said that, in the absence of any one of these three men and without avber unique collaboration, there would not have been an Israeli nuclear project.

The size of the Arab population and resources made it unlikely that they could be persuaded to accept Israel. It has been suggested that Nasser launched the war partly in an effort to forestall the nuclear program. I looked for a “pedant,” a man who would not compromise over detail, whether vital or ostensibly marginal. Avner Cohen is writer, historian, and professor, and is well known for his works on nuclear weapons.

Israel did not organize its nuclear project as a single military entity, as the United States did during the Manhattan Project, so there was no Israeli equivalent to General Leslie Groves, commander of the Manhattan Project. Unlike the Manhattan Project, to which many distinguished American physicists were asked to contribute, many Israeli scientists were left out. Until now we have disseminated our intellectual capital in foreign lands, and helped many nations in the great scientific achievements of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries It added to his special relationship with Ben Gurion and allowed Peres to promote a new strategy for Israeli national security, a strategy that made traditional military strategy less relevant.

In terms of his leadership style and management approach, however, Pratt was the closest Israeli replica of Groves. Israel’s geopolitical circumstances were central to Ben Gurion’s strategic pessimism. Peres’s boundless energy and political skills became the necessary ingredient in realizing Israel’s nuclear hopes. After each defeat the Arabs could regroup and hope for victory in another military round.


The Israeli-French agreement was so extraordinary in its scope and implementation that there was a need for an extraordinary person to manage its political subtleties in the context of France’s Fourth Republic. At the same time, the candidate had to be a man with an “open mind,” that is, a capacity to learn on the job; after all, he would not have any prior experience in building nuclear reactors. Taylor Smith rated it really liked it Jul 15, Over the years Ben Gurion’s fears and anxieties became national policy.

RF rated it liked it Sep 05, He was departmental editor, Israel Media, Encyclopaedia Judaica.

Avner Cohen

Please, can you report this to the army? But with Israel and the Bomb, Avner Cohen has forged an interpretive political history that draws on thousands of American and Commenting on the notion of “nuclear fusion,” he wrote, “The prevailing view is that one of the possibilities to obtain the high temperatures required for thermonuclear reactions is by putting together a few hollow charges,” and added that “for the last two years our people too have been playing with this idea.

After Ben Gurion returned to power inPeres supervised the regrouping of the national nuclear program and led homb search for ways to make it a reality.

After these studies he embarked on an academic career, returning to Tel Aviv University in to join the department of philosophy. Israel’s nuclear project was conceived in the shadow of the Holocaust, and the lessons of the Holocaust provided the justification and motivation for the project.

Avner Cohen – Wikipedia

In the pre-state period he played a role in organizing an israsl network in Jerusalem for hhe Haganah; he was also involved in the activities of Aliyah Bet smuggling Jewish refugees from Europe to Palestine in defiance of British restrictions and Rechesh armaments procurement.

Shimon Peres, who made the decisions on behalf of Ben Gurion, consulted many experts, often without Bergmann’s presence. Anxiety about the Holocaust reached beyond Ben Gurion to infuse Israeli military thinking.

He took issue with both Bergmann’s optimistic view that Israel could take the nuclear path on its own, and with “almost the entire scientific community’s” opposition “to any effort on Israel’s part to enter upon the nuclear age” Among the courses he taught was one concerning the philosophical dimensions of anx morality of nuclear warfare.


Columbia University Press- History – pages.

Inwhen the important decisions were made, Bergmann was still the chairman of the IAEC, but he was no longer the man in charge. Inhowever, following his return to power and the establishment of special relations with France, sufficient resources became available to initiate a national nuclear project.

Avner Cohen’s last gasp?

Bergmann’s “overabundance of zeal,” as Peres referred to it, were regarded as a flaw by other scientists, who questioned his scientific judgment. My library Help Advanced Book Search. By training, Avner Cohen is a philosopher. Cohhen has researched various issues with israeel to nuclear weapons, including deterrence, morality, and proliferation. In any event, most of the Israeli scientists who worked on building and operating our nuclear reactor were drawn from the ranks of these younger graduates.

Bergmann cultivated scientific exchanges between the French atomic energy commission CEA and the IAEC, but in it became clear that without a political breakthrough, these friendly relations would fall short of Israel’s needs. Views Read Edit View history.

Avner Cohen’s last gasp? | Yoel Cohen | The Blogs

He completed a doctorate in political sociology at City University London. Within months Peres took charge of arms procurement deals, something he continued to pursue in higher positions for years to come.

From untilas chairman of the Jewish Agency Executive, the governing body of the Yishuv the Jewish thr in Palestinehe led the campaign which ended in the creation of Israel. Ben Gurion, the charismatic leader, was supported by Bergmann, a visionary scientist, and by Peres, an indefatigable, resourceful, and creative politician and bom.

Ernst David Bergmann and Shimon Peres. Ben Gurion did not know what the odds for success were, and he could not tell whether the French would assist Israel and for how long, but he was convinced that Israel must try it and that Israeli ingenuity would accomplish it. He weaves together the story of the formative years of Israel’s nuclear program, from the founding of the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission into the alliance with France ccohen gave Israel the sophisticated technology Cohen focuses on a two-decade period from about -during which David Ben-Gurion’s vision of making Israel a nuclear-weapon state was realized.

Historical, philosophical, and policy of issues related to the nuclear age. Nuclear ths might also persuade the Arabs to accept Israel’s existence, leading to peace in the region.

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