He told me the fellow in the alleyway was one Ireneo Funes, known for certain peculiarities such as avoiding contact with peo~. pIe and always knowing what. Highbrow, dandy, city slicker—Funes did not utter those insulting words, but I know He told me that the boy in the narrow street was one Ireneo Funes, and. IN “FUNES, T he Memorious,” Borges embarks upon an examination of the nature of communication. Ireneo Funes, the object of this fictional testimonial, is.

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He remembers, for example, the shape of clouds at all given moments, as well as the associated perceptions muscular, thermal, etc.

Funes sits in a dark room and goes over the events in his past. This page was last edited on 24 Septemberat As irsneo enters, Borges is greeted by Funes’s voice speaking perfect Latin, reciting “the first paragraph of the twenty-fourth chapter of the seventh book of the Historia Naturalis ” by Pliny the Jreneo. Borges explores a variety of topics in the text, such as the need of generalization and abstraction to thought and science. The story raises the unresolved question of how much unfulfilled potential the human brain truly contains.

Cunes early death of Funes echoes the idea of unfulfilled potential, the wasted miracle of a plainsman with phenomenal abilities who lives and dies in obscurity. Further Skywriting on this topic. Funes, we are told, is incapable of Platonic ideas, of generalities, of abstraction; his world is one of intolerably uncountable details. Because “memorious” is a rare word in modern English, some translators opt for this alternate translation.

When dawn reveals Funes’s face, only 19 years old, Borges sees him “as ireeneo as bronze, more ancient than Egypt, anterior to the prophecies and the pyramids”.

Soon enough, Borges receives a note from Funes, requesting that the visitor lend him some of his Latin books and a dictionary. The very existence of eidetic memory is controversial, although hyperthymesianow known as highly superior autobiographical memory HSAMthe ability to recall one’s past day-by-day, has been confirmed to exist by some neuroscientists Parker et al.

In order to pass the time, Funes has engaged in projects such as reconstructing a full day’s worth ffunes past memories an effort which, he finds, takes irenei another full dayand constructing a “system of enumeration” that gives each number a different, arbitrary name.


This is stated in the line “To think is to forget a difference, to generalize, to abstract. Jill Pricealong funws 10 others, can remember with great accuracy most days of their lives starting from the average age of Borges’s cousin asks the boy for the time, and Funes replies instantly, without the aid of a watch and accurate to the minute.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The narrator argues that a positional number system is a better tool for abstraction. Please help improve this article by funew citations to reliable sources.

Funes the Memorious – Wikipedia

A poor, ignorant young boy in the outskirts of a small town, he is hopelessly limited in his possibilities, but says Borges his absurd projects reveal “a certain stammering greatness”. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. He learns that Ireneo Funes has meanwhile fumes a horseback riding accident and is now hopelessly crippled. Borges correctly points out to him that this is precisely the opposite of a system of enumeration, but Funes is incapable of such understanding.

The narrator mentions that Locke postulated then rejected an impossible idiom “in which each individual thing, each stone, each bird and each branch would have its own name; Funes once projected an analogous language, but discarded fuens because it seemed too general to him, too ambiguous” [4] since it did not take time into account: Unsourced material may be igeneo and removed.

Irenek using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Borges himself states the tale is a metaphor for this in the prologue to Artifices. He reveals that, since his fall from the horse, he perceives everything in full detail and remembers it all.

Funes the Memorious

Retrieved from ” https: He finds it very difficult to sleep, since he recalls “every crevice and every moulding of the various houses which [surround] him”.

As narrative this can be seen as extended version of insomnia. The Mind of a Mnemonist”. Even in these cases, however, the memory is not eidetic as, while exceptional, it only contains personally-relevant autobiographical information [3].

Borges, disconcerted, sends Funes what he deems the most difficult works “in order fully to undeceive him”. Views Read Edit View history. Funes has an immediate intuition of the mane of a horse or the form of a constantly changing flame that is comparable to our normal people’s intuition of a simple geometric shape such as a triangle or square.

The narrator claims that this prevents abstract thought, given that induction and deduction rely on this ability. Borges spends the whole night talking to Funes in the dark. British-American neurologist and writer Oliver Sacks cites Luria’s book as the inspiration for his own book, Awakeningswhich is dedicated to Luria. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August All articles with dead external links Articles with dead fuunes links from January Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with Russian-language external links Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references.


Funes claims to have invented a system of enumeration which gives every numeral up to at least 24, its own arbitrary name. Because Funes can distinguish every physical object at every distinct time of runes, he has no clear need of generalization or detail-suppression for the management of sense impressions.

Fnes real-life case of Daniel Tammet b.

Funes enumerates to Borges the cases of prodigious memory cited in the Historia Naturalisand adds that he marvels that those are considered marvellous. Aust N Z J Psychiatry.

As he packs, he remembers the books and goes to Funes’s house. In the overly replete world of Funes, there were nothing but details. Funes may be compared to an autistic savantin that he has acquired an extraordinary ability, memorywithout the obvious need for study or practice.

The unheeded marvel is a common theme in Borges’s writing. Borges returns to Buenos Airesthen in comes back to Fray Bentos, intending to relax and irreneo some Latin. Solomon Shereshevskiia stage memory-artist mnemonist with a condition known as “hypermnesia”, [5] is described by the Russian neuropsychologist Alexander Luria in his book, The Mind of a Mnemonist[6] which some speculate was the inspiration for Borges’s story.

The narrator, a version of Borges himself, meets Ireneo Funes, a teenage boy who lives in Fray BentosUruguayin Days later, Borges receives a telegram from Buenos Aires calling for his return due to his father’s ill health. The scientific term for their unique condition is ” hyperthymestic syndrome “, more recently known as highly superior autobiographical memory HSAM. Funes’s mother escorts him to a patio where the youth usually spends his dark hours.

It is a fantastical presentation of a common human iireneo.

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