Georgius Gemistus Pletho’s Criticism of Plato and Aristotle. A DISSERTATION. SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY. OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARTS AND. PLETHO, GIORGIUS GEMISTUS(c. –) Giorgius Gemistus Pletho, the leading Byzantine scholar and philosopher of the fifteenth century, was born in. George Gemistus Plethon. retrieved. 9 October place of birth · Constantinople. 1 reference. imported from Wikimedia project · German Wikipedia.

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Almost every Greek humanist scholar of the fifteenth century was in some way influenced by Pletho, the most notable being his pupil, Cardinal Bessarion. Bredow, Epistolae Parisienses De mundo 7 a 25in Pletho’s hand.

1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Gemistus Pletho, Georgius

Throughout its history it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents. In other languages Add links. He invented a religious system founded on the speculative mysticism of the Neoplatonists, and founded a sect, the members of which believed that the new creed would supersede all existing forms of belief.

When this codex was placed in my hands, Geimstus was amazed to recognize in it a third of Pletho. A closer examination of Plethon’s position in De Differentiis when compared to his plettho in his Summary reveals that those two positions are, in fact, consistent with one another and not with any Christian conception whatever.

It occurs in the apo- graphs of Marc. Ficino’s claim has been controversial. Flach and figures amusingly in the over the authenticity of that work 9. When Pletho died in June the despots of Mistra seized the Laws and refused to let the work be copied It is not unlikely that he used Laur.


Aristotle, on the other hand, never calls God the creator of anything whatever, but only the motive force of the universe.

Schultze, Geschichte der Philosophie der Renaissancei. According to Plethon, Aristotle held that all causal generation must be temporal.

The autographs of Georgius Gemistus Pletho – Persée

Ross’s interpretation certainly coheres with Aristotle’s claim that God initiates movement as a final and not an efficient cause. Since they were known to Niccoli and Traversari as early as 35 pletjo, it looks as if Pletho made these excerpts in Florence in Heiberg, but often occurs separately, as in cod. However, both in De Differentiis and in the SummaryPlethon claims that the universe was created.

The Grimani library was lodged in the monastery of San Antonio in Venice and suffered a gradual dilapidation during the 16th and 17th centuries, so that its contents are now scattered piecemeal After that he adds brief excerpts from book X C f.

The Last of the Hellenes. Contact our editors with your feedback. I argue that Plethon takes the position he does because his interpretation of the Platonic God better fits his own neo-pagan theological conceptions.

Two memoirs based on a Platonic reconstruction of the state present a systematic plan of social and economic reform for Greece. Humanism, system of education and mode of inquiry that originated in northern Italy during the 13th and 14th centuries and later spread through continental Europe and England.


The agreements are much more pronounced in V than VII. It would be very interesting to know who this scribe was who acts as Pletho’s literary executor.

And the soul, being everywhere inwoven from the center to the outermost heaven and enveloping the heaven all round the outside, revolving within its own limit, made a divine beginning of ceaseless and intelligent life for all time [trans.

See, Steven Runciman’s Mistra: Views Read Edit View history. Haec et quae sequuntar uncis inclusa, usque ad? The despotate of the Morea was finally extinguished by the Turks in and with it doubtless the last vestige. Woodhouse inserted the term signoria into his translation.

Gemistus Pletho

No other parts of that work are preserved in autograph, however. This same divine order, he believed, governed the organisation of bees, the foresight of ants and the dexterity of spiders, as well as the growth of plants, magnetic attraction, and the amalgamation of mercury and gold.

The same hands have written various material on ff. Gemstus great many Italian humanists were also influenced by his writings and presence at the council.

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