Dowland’s Lachrimae. John Dowland, the finest lutenist of his generation and one of England’s greatest composers, was born years ago in In he. CDH – Dowland: Lachrimae, or Seaven Teares. CDH Digital booklet (PDF) · John Dowland (). Lachrimae, or Seaven Teares. The Parley. By , the famed Elizabethan lutenist John Dowland was so closely associated with his most popular composition, the ‘Lachrimae’ pavan, that he was already.
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Dowland broke new ground with the publication of Lachrimae. These pieces a two-part vocal version in D minor, a cittern piece in D minor and a lute setting in G minor were clearly not intended for simultaneous performance, since they all carry the melody with varying degrees of elaboration and differing harmonic detail.
Composer Time Period Comp. Intavolation in french Lute-tabulatur for 2 lutes Unisono.
However, one should take care not to assume that this is necessarily a successful intabulation of its model, nor that it is an intabulation of a good arrangement. As we shall see, the simple two-part reduction offered great potential to both composers and performers. Valeriusfor instance, included a double-texted 2-part version in D minor. Elizabethan composers frequently derived galliards from pavans, and it was common for pavans to allude to well-known examples of the genre.
Henceforth, actors were forbidden to work in England unless they were under the patronage of the Queen or a prominent courtier. A principal aim of this work has been to identify the types of comparison and analysis that might in future be done by machine and to define the limits beyond which machine-analysis can, or should, not ventureand to provide some kind of benchmark against which such development might be assessed.
Certainly, there were A minor versions dating from at least the same time as the early G minor sources, with a unique A minor setting with divisions also occurring in Dd.
It is also worth lachrjmae that the earliest firmly datable version of this piece, that printed from wood-blocks in Barleyis a G minor diwland of a similar ilk to those already discussed. Whatever your own ‘answers’ to these unanswerable questions may be, you can if you feel strongly about it easily impose them on any of the various integral versions on CD.
At the time, dance music was usually written or printed in sets of separate quarto parts, but Lachrimae is a folio volume and has the parts for each piece distributed around each side of a single opening, so that in theory they could be performed around a table from a single copy.
UMI Research Press,pp. The kind of detailed comparative examination we have begun here on a modest subset of this corpus would only be feasible on the full collection let alone larger corpora with the aid of computer analysis software tools. Sir Henry Umpton’s Funeral Sir John Souch his Galliard Unusually, the divisions on each strain of the pavan are reproduced with great consistency, the only exceptions being ML which has some added flourishes and which omits the divisions altogether.
Dowland Lachrimae () |
Several perplexing unica serve to emphasise the incompleteness of the surviving picture, not least the fascinating F minor lute setting in Eyserttwhich, although tangential to the patterns of transmission identified in this paper, nevertheless seems to be a good, error-free version. Although this research was carried out within the context of a computer-assisted electronic corpus-building project the analysis of the musical material has been carried out entirely manually.
Pieces ; Pavans ; Galliards ; Dances ; Allemandes ; For lute, 5 viols ; Scores featuring the lute ; Scores featuring the viol ; For 6 players ; For 2 lutes arr ; For 2 players ; For 2 guitars arr ; Scores featuring the guitar. Whilst the melodic contour of the English piece has been both eroded bar 4 and elaborated bar 6 in places Example 3the Romers version is largely harmonically consistent with its probable model, and displays the characteristically English auxiliary note in bar 2.
Dowland Lachrimae Lachrimaf, or Seaven Teares. The all-time greats Read about the artists who changed the world of classical music. It is interesting to note that there are no surviving Continental sources of the early English A minor lute setting.
DOWLAND Lachrimae, or Seaven Teares |
It lachrmae unlikely that Dowland intended the two families to be combined in a mixed consort; the normal practice was to use complete sets of instruments as alternatives on a musical menu, rather than as ingredients in a single dish. Unfortunately, such are the huge number of settings, derivatives and imitations it spawned that only a small sample can be fruitfully discussed dowlsnd. Although the cantus in particular is highly ornamented, it bears a close resemblance to the Wigthorpe outer parts in the same key which, of course, would appear to stem from 2nd Booke.
Some notable ,achrimae lute arrangements Besides the derivatives of the English G minor version that were in circulation on the Continent, there were a number of interesting lute settings with no apparent connection with surviving English sources.
Schildt and Scheidemann also experimented with sesquialtera passages, something Van den Hove himself dabbled with briefly in the final division of Scheleand which is briefly foreshadowed towards the end of Dd. For larger-scale repertory studies, such as a long-overdue assessment of all English instrumental music in 17 th -century Continental sources, the laborious work of bar-by-bar comparison could be much eased by intervention from analysis software.
Rowland are some exterior indications that there may be a connection between these two versions, since both are in G lachgimae, are coupled with triple-time versions, and use the unusual formal scheme AAiBCBiCi.
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