the wear life and fatigue life of steel heat-treated components. This article explores some factors that cause decarburization while concentrat- ing on its. Decarburization is the change in content and structure of steel wherein some surface layers of steel and carbon are lost. In complete decarburization, the top. Decarburization is a loss of carbon in the surface-adjacent zone of the material ( Gunnarson, ). From: Thermochemical Surface Engineering of Steels,

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The heat-treatment usually involves the steel being heated into a temperature in the austenite phase field. The microstructure at the free surface of the steel. When considered a defect, material testing can be useful to determine whether defarburisation loss levels are acceptable.

Decarburization or decarbonization is the process opposite to carburizationnamely the reduction of carbon content. Microscopy is one of the techniques to determine carbon loss. Explain how decarburisation causes a variation in the microstructure in a slowly cooled eutectoid steel as a function of the distance from the exposed surface. Carbon loss can result in unstable steel, which leads to reduced performance.


Bessemer process Open hearth furnace Electric arc furnace Basic oxygen process. It is better described as hypoeutectoid. Corrosion Metal heat treatments Steelmaking. This may also lead to various problems with machinery created from steel.

The sample of M0 was then ground flat on one surface using SiC grinding paper lubricated with water, followed by polishing with fine diamond paste. What is the significance of the high temperature range when considering corrosion under insulation CUI? Carbon will therefore be removed from the steel by the process commonly known as “Decarburization”. If it is not intended, protective coatings are beneficial to prevent corrosion of the steel. The microstructure away from the surface sgeel the steel.


Electrical steel is one material that uses decarburization in its production.

The oxidation is penetrating the prior austenite grain boundaries because these are high-energy sites. It is inevitable that the furnace atmosphere contains oxygen. Corrosionpedia explains Decarburization Decarburization normally takes place when steel goes through the heating process in an environment where oxygen is present, resulting in loss of carbon and oxidation.

This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat In other circumstances, it can be due to corrosion or poor handling.

Decarburisation of steel

Low hydrogen Short circuit. Reduced ductility Reduced strength Formation of cracks Formation of a scaly surface texture Decarburization can be either dangerous or beneficial, depending on the way it is applied or how the metal is used. Iron and steel production. Steel is incredibly versatile because it can be heat-treated in order to produce a vast range of microstructures and associated mechanical properties.

In other settings where decarburization is deliberately performed, testing can be performed to identify the level of decarburization. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia Print 3rd ed. Stedl is thus both something that can be done intentionally as a step in a manufacturing process, or something that happens as a side effect decaarburisation a process such as rolling and must be either prevented or later reversed such as via a carburization step. An image taken in a region between the surface and devarburisation unaffected interior of the sample.

Metal Mater Trans A. The intermediate sfeel will have a mixture of ferrite and pearlite according to the lever rule applied at the eutectoid temperature. In some cases, decarburization may be induced deliberately. Adverse effects of decarburization include: Identifying Limiting Conditions for Coatings Specification. Definition – What does Decarburization mean? Electro-slag remelting Vacuum arc remelting Argon oxygen decarburization.


You will find below a series of micrographs taken as a function of position away from the surface, and at a variety of magnifications.

Decarburization of Steel

The chemical composition of steel M0 is approximately Fe You can click on each image to see an expanded version. Retrieved from ” https: Decarburization is the change in content and structure of steel wherein some surface layers of steel and carbon are lost. More of your questions answered by our Experts. Decarbjrisation the components like chromium and molybdenum of some stainless steels are very oxidizable, these steels can only be decarburized by reacting with dry hydrogen, which has no water content, unlike wet hydrogen, which is produced in a way that includes some water and can otherwise be used for decarburization.

Views Read Edit View history. The oxygen has therefore started to oxidise the iron.

Available in English here and in the original Russian here. Another measure is to have the steel heated in an inert environment which lacks oxygen. Hydrogen Blistering and Hydrogen Embrittlement: Thus, the allotriomorphic ferrite content decreases, to be replaced by Widmanstatten ferrite as the interior regions are approached.

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