I compute the return on invested capital at the start of for each company in my public company sample of . Aswath Damodaran said. January 28, at am by Aswath Damodaran . for these companies to estimate excess returns (ROIC – Cost of Capital) for each firm. Return on Capital or Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) is something I . Aswath Damodaran is an NYU professor and the guru of valuation.

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It is also the metric that lends itself well to converting stories to numbers, another obsession of mine. I prefer the asset approach because the denominator consists of the assets that a business has invested in so it is a bit more telegraphic of the core drivers.

ROIC – Formula, Examples, How to Calculate ROIC

Aswath Damodaran is an NYU professor and the guru of valuation. There are several ways to measure Return on Capital, but my preferred method is Return on Invested Capital ROIC which seeks to measure the return to all capital holders debt and equity. While the entire sector data is available for both US and Global companies, the list below highlights the damoraran service sectors that earn less than the cost of capital:.

Does growth add or destroy value? Luckily, Costco owns much of its property so it’s not as big an issue here. It’s the Long Term, Stupid “In the long term, it’s hard for a stock to earn a much better return than the business which underlies it earns.

If you want to delve into the details, my condolences, but you can read this really long, really boring paper that I have on measurement issues with the rooic on equity and capital. The distribution across all firms is reported below: What drives PE Ratios? This step, though seemingly simple, is fraught with difficulties.

This post has extended way beyond what I initially planned, but the excess returns across companies are such a good window into so many of the phenomena that are convulsing companies today that I could not resist. A large number of companies, if put on the spot, will not even able to tell you how much capital they have invested in existing assets, either because the investments occurred way in the past or because dakodaran the way they are accounted for.


We can’t look at ROIC in isolation. We would want to analyze the ROIC for both dajodaran over multiple years to understand how sustainable it is and how susceptible it is to a cyclical downturn Drivers: In fact, the largest companies earn positive excess returns, and while I am loath to make too much of one year’s results, and recognize that there is some circularity in this table since the companies with the highest excess returns should see their values go up the mostthere is reason to believe that in more and more sectors, we are seeing winner-take-all games played out, where a few companies win, and find it easier to keep winning as they get larger.

If the dmaodaran return is a good measure of what you actually earn on your invested capital, and the cost of capital is the rate of return that you need to make on that invested capital to break even, a “good” company should generate positive excess returns, a “neutral” company should earn roughly its cost of capital and a damofaran bad” company should have trouble earning its cost of capital. If there is a common theme, it is that change is now par for the course in almost every business and that inertia on the part of management can be devastating.

If you are holding a stock for 1 or 2 years, then valuation is critical because the majority of return will be driven by the difference between price paid and intrinsic damodaan.

The excess returns that we computed are particularly relevant when we think about growth, since for growth to create value, it has to be accompanied by excess returns. It’s also worth mentioning the inherent risk of the business models – one could argue that Costco is less risky than Google because it operates in a more traditional industry where product life cycles aren’t changing by the minute.

Aswath Damodaran – January 2018 Data Update 7: Growth and Value

Spreadsheet with country data. While you will see both in user, there are two key factors that should color which one you focus on and how much to trust that number. I’ve made some assumptions here and I can’t rioc with certainty that all of them are perfectly correct.


There is a litany of writing about ROIC by people far smarter on the topic than myself. Calculating Return on Invested Capital. We would want to analyze the ROIC for both companies over multiple years to understand how sustainable it is and how susceptible it is to a cyclical downturn.

It’s a combination of both technical posts on the calculation of ROIC and philosophical posts on ways to think about it. January Data Update 3: One of the two regions damodaan the world where companies earn more than their cost of capital is India, which the cynics will attribute to accounting game playing, but may also reflect the protection from competition that some sectors in India, especially retail and financial services, have damldaran offered from foreign competition.

We respect your privacy no spam ever. Using numbers, 22, companies, representing To counter that, I also computed a ten-year average ROIC for those companies with ten years of historical data or more and that number compared to the cost of capital. The correlation between business quality and investment returns is tenuous, at best, and here is why.

And I’ve made a high level guesstimate of required cash based on what I know about the businesses. Some of the sectors on this list will attribute their place on the list to macro concerns, with oil companies pointing to low oil prices.

Data UpdateExcess Returns. I use the corporate foic cycle as a vehicle for talking about transitions in companies, from the right type of CEO for a firm to which pricing metric to use. For proponents of small companies, the results in this table are depressing.

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