Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel This standard is issued under the fixed designation A; the number immediately. Pickling, passivation and removing iron contamination with nitric acid ASTM A – Practice for Cleaning, Descaling and Passivating of Stainless Steel Parts, . Passivation per ASTM A Posted on November 29, Latest News. APT to Exhibit at SHOT Show in Las Vegas, NV. Advanced Plating.

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Give us a call or visit our contact page to request a quote for your project today! For certain exceptional applications, additional requirements which are not covered by this practice may be specified upon agreement between the supplier and the purchaser. Depending on the application, chemical descaling acid pickling as described in 5. Passivation often follows the process of pickling. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of passivatioh other.

Range C Time mins.

ASTM A380 Passivation Standard

Citric acid treatments can also be considered as an alternative to nitric acid as both provide the oxidising conditions necessary for passivation.

Nitric acid alone can be used to remove light surface iron contamination after which the acid facilitates the passivation of the cleaned steel surface. Passivation is a post-fabrication method of maximizing the inherent corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. This process makes the part less susceptible to rust and corrosion.

For more specific safety precautions see 7. If the piping system is already assembled, there are service companies which specialize in on-site projects of this sort, like Astropak. It was at one time considered that an oxidizing treatment was necessary to establish this passive metal oxide film, but it is now accepted that this film will form spontaneously in an oxygen-containing environment providing that the surface has been thoroughly cleaned or descaled.

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The standard notes that the high carbon martensitic stainless ;assivation, such as C, are not suitable for acid passivation as they can be attacked or be subject to hydrogen embrittlement.

This practice covers the standard recommendations and precautions for cleaning, descaling, and passivating of new passivztion steel parts, assemblies, equipment, and installed systems.

Citric acid is a less hazardous method and has environmental benefits in terms of ‘NOx’ fume emission and waste acid disposal. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. Stainless steels cannot be passivated unless the steel surface is clean and free from contamination and scale from welding operations.

We’ve been paseivation the metal finishing business for over 80 years. Methods are described for the detection of free iron and passovation chemical and oily deposits. The selection of procedures from this practice to be applied to the parts may be specified upon agreement between the supplier and the purchaser. This would attack electro-polished surfaces and is not the kindest way to treat them.

Passivation is a process that removes exogenous iron or iron compounds from the surface of the stainless steel alloy.

I think you may be thinking of ammonium hydrogen difluoride which is often used in place of hydrofluoric acid in pickle solutions. This formula should not hurt your electropolished surfaces.

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Precision inspection shall be performed by solvent-ring test, black light inspection, atomizer test, and ferroxyl test. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application.

The following shall be used as the basis for cleanness acceptability: This process greatly reduces the formation rust on the surface of the workpiece.


Process Class Stainless Steel Types C1 or C2 Austenitics, austenitic precipitation hardening and duplex C3 High chromium martensitics C4 Ferritics, martensitics and martensitic precipitation hardening. Usually it is best to send the spools to a metal finishing shop which is already experienced in and equipped for the process.

While the practice provides recommendations and information concerning the use of acids and other cleaning and descaling agents, it cannot encompass detailed cleaning procedures for specific types of equipment or installations. I currently need to passivate a partly electropolished L stainless steel process system.

Although they apply primarily to materials in the composition ranges of the austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, and duplex stainless steels, the practices described may also be useful for cleaning other metals if due consideration is given to corrosion and possible metallurgical effects. Related Links Suppliers of Passivating Products. I believe you must pickle the spools with an acid which contains fluoride in some form — often a standard nitric-hydrofluoric pickling acid or pickling paste, and follow this either with electropolishing or with nitric acid passivation or citric acid passivation to the standards discussed above.

It is also quite out of date and needs to be updated. Passivation treatments are sometimes specified, but it is important to consider whether this is strictly necessary or not. Could someone confirm or deny this effect?

Passivation of L SS per ASTM A

Specifications for passivation treatments for stainless steels Traditionally the American standards have been used. Lee Kremer Stellar Solutions, Inc. You do not need super quality water for passivafion processes; DI or RO water will be fine.

Recommended cleaning practices shall be followed for welds and weld-joint areas, specially critical applications, installed systems and post-erections. Materials shall be precleaned. The degree of cleanness required on a surface depends on the application.

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