PDF | On Jan 1, , Piotr Gąsiorowski and others published Review of Katamba, Francis. An introduction to phonology. An Introduction to Phonology has 29 ratings and 3 reviews. This is a practical introduction to generative phonology for the novice, reflecting the trends. An introduction to phonological theory placed within the framework of recent mainstream generative phonology. The book is divided into two.

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Of the points i – iii that I have listed, the one that is often called into question by adult English speakers without special knowledge of phonetics is ii.

Civil and Environmental Engineering: The feature stri- dent distinguishes fricatives as follows: If you k n o w that a segment is lateral, then you know that it is also consonantal, sonorant, alveolar and voiced.

On this view, the phoneme is a minimal sound unit which is capable of contrasting word meaning. In the SPE system, and in its Jakobsonian predecessor, length is not regarded as a basic phonetic property but rather as an incidental attribute of the feature [tense], which is binary.

An example of this is the bilabial stop, in the word [6a6a] ‘father’ in Shona Zimbabwe. A binary approach, while not ideal is not altogether inappropriate.

Some phonemes have numerous allophones others may have a less diverse membership. Other tongue configurations are regarded as departures from that norm. Add a tag Cancel Be the first to add a tag for this edition. However, this alter- nation is not purely phonetically conditioned since [n] can be followed by [1] or [r] in words such as unloved or unreason- able.

Introduction to Phonology : Francis Katamba :

To a great extent this means cutting out redundant, non-distinctive aspects of speech so that more messages can be carried on their networks without reducing the level of clarity and intelli- gibility. Indeed, we would be extremely surprised if we found a language which had only nasal vowels and no oral ones.

  96 TCN 43-90 PDF

It is generally agreed in principle that stress need not be binary. Initially the tongue is low and front but it finishes up in a high, front position. The exclusive concentration on generative phonology should not be taken as evidence of a belief on my part that nothing of value has been said about phonology in the other frameworks. Although they are not made in the front of the mouth, glottals are not back because, by the definition given in SPE, only sounds produced with the tongue pulled back from neutral position are back.

Yet, for several reasons, from a functional point of view, the fiction of discrete speech segments with which the last chapter ended is worth clinging to.

LONG It shows that a segment is long e. Yet others, like Italian, Kikuyu and Efik have four degrees of aperture and a seven-member vowel system. If the answer is ‘yes’ what are these limits and why do they exist? The difference between nasalised [e] on the one hand and oral [e] and [o] on the other cannot be the reason for the difference between voiceless [f] and voiced [v] since nasal [e] as well as oral [e] and [o] are all voiced and should not affect in different ways the voicing of neighbouring sounds.

Communications engineers are interested in increasing the efficiency of telephone systems.

In this section:

There are numerous phonological operations as you will discover as you work your way through the book which re-arrange, add or delete indi- vidual consonant and vowel segments of a word rather than some larger pieces such as syllables. It is the form which you add in column A where the last consonant of the introductoon is a sound other than [1].


Sounds produced “with the velaric airstream mechanism i.

The air drawn into the larynx as it is pulled downward normally causes phhonology voicing. In many languages the nasalisation is prominently audible. But the fact that these propositions about how speech works are left implicit does not make them any less influential in moulding adults’ perception of the nature of their language.

An Introduction to Phonology – Francis Katamba – Google Books

That is the case in Japanese in a word like [kita] ‘came’. It is only meant to show some of the commonest assimilation processes found in the languages of the world. It is not important to ‘master’ all the details of distinc- tive feature theory at this stage. First there is the theoretical motivation: But that does not mean that they do not know the rules which govern the sound pattern of their language.

Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. They may be very basic, or more elaborate as you can see in [2. Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgements 1. Guardians of linguistic good taste in a speech community might view many instances of assimilation as nothing less than culpable sloppiness.

The other phonological processes discussed in Chapter 5 also affect natural classes.

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