ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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The period from the Arab invasion to the Saljuqs.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

Taihan spent much of his life in Ghaznithen capital of the Ghaznavid dynastyin modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan. He also visited the court of the Bavandid ruler Al-Marzuban. RiahanChronology, xivxviin the suburb birun of Kath, capital of Khwarizm But, his details are brief and mostly just list rulers without referring to their real names.

Babylonian astronomy Egyptian astronomy Hellenistic astronomy Indian astronomy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

He was born in the outer district of Kaththe capital of the Afrighid dynasty of Khwarezm now a part of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan [14] [10] or Chorasmia. Geography and cartography in medieval Islam.

Ar-rayhan-al-biruni Open replica book of Biruni’s astronomical encyclopaedia ‘Kitab at-Qanun ao-biruni, showing planetary motions. Along with those methods, Biruni went so far as to describe instruments that go along with each of those areas as well. Sell images Our Blog. In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile al-birruni apogee.

Al-Biruni – Wikiquote

Ahmed concluded that Al-Biruni can be considered as the first Anthropologist, [46] however, others argue that he hardly can be considered an anthropologist in the conventional sense. He said this in the context of demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even when it was being directed at him.


He also theorized that the landmass must be inhabited by human beings, which he deduced from his knowledge of humans inhabiting the broad north-south band stretching rajhan Russia to South India and Sub-Saharan Africatheorizing that the landmass would most likely lie along the same band.

He ascertained that as compared with the speed of sound the speed of light is immense.

His investigations included description of various monstrosities, including that known as “Siamese” twins. The Cambridge History of Iran: For the lunar crater, see Al-Biruni crater. Thank you for your feedback. University of Chicago Press. Retrieved from ” https: I shall place before the reader the theories of the Hindus exactly as they are, and I shall mention in connection with them similar theories of the Greeks in order to show the relationship existing between them.

Kathor Khiva[1] KhwarezmAfrighid dynasty modern-day Uzbekistan.


His critical spirit, love of truth, and scientific approach were combined with a sense of toleration. In it he not only defended the role of the mathematical sciences against the attacks of religious scholars who could not understand xbu utility of the mathematical sciences but also detailed all that one needed to know about determining longitudes and latitudes on land.

La-biruni observed that the Indus valley must be considered as an ancient sea basin filled up with alluvials.

Mathematics in medieval Islam. Internet URLs are the best. He was also an avid scholar of religions and studied several different ones objectively. Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the a-biruni of the nationalist….


There he corresponded with Avicenna [19] and there are extant exchanges of views between these two scholars.

Al-Biruni biography

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Science in the Middle Ages. Of his own personal background even less is known. Journal for the History of Astronomy. Although he tried to stay away from political and military history, Biruni did indeed record important dates raihxn noted actual sites of where significant battles occurred. He capped that particular discussion with a solution to the rather sophisticated spherical trigonometric problem of determining the direction of Mecca along the local horizon at Ghazna.

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The Saljuq and Mongol Periods. Although he never entirely focuses just on physics in any of his books, the study of physics is present throughout many of his various works. Later years and significance In Islamic world: Raijan addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of arihan.

The combination of the dynamic approach with Archimedean hydrostatics gave birth to a direction in science which may be called medieval hydrodynamics.

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